Psychoanalysis is a scientific theory that has come a long way since its inception at the end of the 19th century. When Sigmund Freud first delivered his speech on a new theory of psychoneurotic disorders, people were still referring to mental illnesses as hysteria, the mental hospitals were full with undiagnosed patients, and their treatments were peculiar, to say the least. Nowadays, a person suffering from a neurotic condition can safely approach a psychoanalyst for advice and therapy without being considered a loony and without risking his freedom. Here are the main breakthroughs that psychoanalysis produced to change the medical field as we know it today:
Freud’s direct influence
In his time, Sigmund Freud tried to simplify the doctors’ approach towards mental illnesses. His theory revolved around two basic human instincts, the libido, and the destructive instinct to prove that people can find the core of their mental imbalance within themselves. Unfortunately, his practice has drawn a lot of criticism from other doctors and physicists, delaying the medical field’s acceptance of psychoanalysis as a new practice for many years. Fortunately, due to Freud’s direct influence and his mentees’ hard work, psychoanalysis gradually gained ground and established itself as a performing therapy.
Psychoanalysis links several scientific fields
Probably the thing that convinces many medical students to choose the therapy path is the way this practice relates several scientific fields. A good psychoanalyst has to make good use of his knowledge of human nature, biology, psychology and even social studies to determine patients diagnose. Psychoanalysis implies less work with your hands and more pressure on the analytic center in your brain. This is the reason why most doctors in this field have developed an acute sense of examination and scrutiny.
From theory to dialogue
In its early beginnings, psychoanalysis was just an argument trying to get as much approval as possible. The initial practitioners in this field were often inflexible in their approach and used the same methods over and over again. Nowadays, psychoanalysis has grown into a form of dialogue and the therapies used in treating individuals are more patient-oriented than just aiming for a by-the-book diagnose. After a good number of sessions, most patients feel that their condition is improving and the progress is due more to the doctor’s skill than to a drug-based treatment.
The future of psychoanalysis
The sad truth about psychoanalysis is that some scientists still regard it as a form of a pedantic fad in the medical field, and some of them even prophesize its eventual downfall. It is hard to say if their views on the subject are based on scientific study or just professional envy.
It is a well-known fact that every new theory faces an uphill battle trying to convince the voices with the largest authority in the field, and psychoanalysis is still considered a fresh idea. Considering that there are people who still doubt Charles Darwin’s theory of evolution, we can safely assume that Freud’s theory will have plenty of objectors in the distant future as well.